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European Fisheries Control Agency

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Legal Basis

The European Fisheries Control Agency (EFCA) was established by Council Regulation (EC) No 768/2005 of 26 April 2005 establishing a Community Fisheries Control Agency and amending Regulation (EEC) No 2847/93 establishing a control system applicable to the common fisheries policy (OJ L 128, 21.5.2005, pp. 1–14).

The seat of EFCA is Vigo, Spain, as established in Article 18 of the Regulation. 

Regulation (EU) 2016/1626 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 14 September 2016 amending Council Regulation (EC) No 768/2005 establishing a Community Fisheries Control Agency, strengthens cooperation at EU and international level between EFCA, the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) and the European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex), increasing European cooperation on coast guard functions.

Background

In the wake of the Common Fisheries Policy reform in 2002, European Union governments deemed necessary to establish the Agency in an effort to instill a culture of compliance within the fisheries sector across Europe. The new permanent structure was to ensure the coordination of inspection and control activities by the Member States and to assist them to cooperate so as to comply with the rules of the Common Fisheries Policy. The Community Fisheries Control Agency (later European Fisheries Control Agency) was the result of this need.

Other relevant instruments

Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 of 20 November 2009 establishing a Community control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the common fisheries policy.

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) No 404/2011 of 8 April 2011 laying down detailed rules for the implementation of Council Regulation (EC) No 1224/2009 establishing a Community control system for ensuring compliance with the rules of the Common Fisheries Policy.

Regulation (EU) 1380/2013 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 December 2013 on the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP).

Regulation (EU) 2015/812 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 May 2015 as regards the landing obligation.